Hernia occurs when the body or adipose tissue squeezes through a hole or weakness in the muscle or in the vicinity of the connective tissue called fascia. The most common types are inguinal (groin internal), postoperative (under the cut), the femoral (groin outside), umbilical (navel) and hiatus (upper stomach).
The inguinal hernia, intestines or bladder, which protrudes through the abdominal wall or inguinal canal in the groin. Approximately 80% of all inguinal hernias are more common in men because of the inherent weakness in this area.
Hernia in the scar, intestines, stomach pushes on the site of previous abdominal surgery. This type occurs more frequently in elderly or overweight patients who are inactive after abdominal surgery.
femoral hernia occurs when the intestine enters the canal carrying out the femoral artery in the thigh. Femoral hernias are most common among women, especially those who are pregnant or are obese.
The umbilical hernia, part of the small intestine through the abdominal wall near the navel. obese women Common newborns, but also affects those who often or have many children.
hiatal hernia occurs when the upper part of the stomach squeezes through breaks in the opening of the diaphragm through which the esophagus.
Ultimately, all hernias are caused by a combination of pressure and the opening or weakness of muscles or fascia: the pressure pushes the organ or tissue through an opening or weak point. Sometimes the muscle weakness is present at birth, often occurs later in life. Poor diet, smoking, excessive effort, and all can weaken muscles and make a hernia more likely. Anything that causes an increase in abdominal pressure can cause a hernia, including obesity, heavy lifting, constipation or diarrhea, or persistent coughing or sneezing.